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Bhangra is a Punjabi folk dance or said as Bunghra. Traditionally it was performed by Punjabis in the Punjabi areas of the region in the North to celebrate the harvest and get the good measure of benefits. In the second half of 1900’s this type of seasonal group dance got created which also led to festive month of vaisakhi and the vaisakhi or vesakhi festival marked with good bumper produce and local fairs. Originally it was village folk. During the decade of 50s, new form of this folklore dance got evolved. Folkloric dance created, representative of the state of Punjab and composed of glimpses of men's Punjabi dance forms and styles, was created and eventually received the title of Bhangra.


First developed in India and attaining a rather standardized form by the 1980s, the folkloric Bhangra was exported to other counties by Punjabi, emigrants, Art groups and travelers. By the 1990s, a still newer style of dance called bhangra was being staged in the Punjabi Diaspora, often characterized by a fusion with Western dance styles and the use of prerecorded audio mixes. Aside from these specific dance genres, Punjabi dance in general, especially when done to popular bhangra music, is often casually called "Bhangra".


Bhangra dance is based on music from a dhol or dhols, folk songs singing, chimta, ek tara one string, mantka the pitcher and loud cheers and whistlings. The accompanying songs are short stanzas written in the Punjabi language called bolis. Often very romantic,folkloric and chivalric. Singing fiercely such singers put high tone of energy to their voices, yelling phrases as hoi-hoi au hoi hoi, au balle balle balle aohoi, chak de, wallaha wallaha, haripa. For Professional shows of any kind Men wear a very vibrant colourful dress, a Tamba, chaadra which is wrapped aroud the waist in particular style while doing bhangra. Men wear a kurta on top of tamba, which is a long shirt. In addition, men wear pagri (turban) to cover their heads of a crown formation called turla attached over the main turban. Colorful gotta brocade golden or silver contrasting or similar vests are worn above the kurta. Phummans (small balls attached to ropes) or colorful rumaals hankies attached with kaudies small shells are worn on each hands and arms.


Equally Rainbow colored, Women wear traditional Punjabi attire a salwar kameez, long baggy pants small bottom at the ankle salwar and a long colorful shirt a tunic kameez. Women wear duppatas an oblong scarf chunnis, colorful pieces of cloth wrapped over the shoulders and around the neck. All such things are all very colorful and vibrant, representing the rich rural colors of Punjab and give an elegant flavor.

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